Communal reserves offer indigenous communities the ability to manage their own land, empowering them and offering them better security. However, in Peru, communities are not yet receiving these benefits.
Communal Reserves in Peru
Currently, 10 communal reserves cover approximately 5 million acres of the Amazonian rainforest of Peru. However, this model is not delivering concrete results to local communities. Moreover it is precluding them from asserting their rights while extractive industries are operating without serious supervision from the authorities.
This project began in 2013 in Selva Central and Vilcabamba range, Peru.
Central Ashaninka del Rio Ene (CARE), EcoAshaninka
The communal reserve conservation model is in need of improvement. It has been 10 years since it was implemented and still so far has failed to bring indigenous peoples the benefits it promised - instead it is actually preventing them from asserting their rights and manage their traditional areas.
- To conduct the initial research study on all communal reserves in Selva Central and Vilcabamba range and make initial recommendations for lobbying to follow up later in the project
- To develop a training and autonomy strategy for Eco Ashaninka – the organisation responsible for managing the Ashaninka Communal Reserve, and begin implementation of this.
- To develop and implement a lobbying strategy for the adoption of the Management Plan for the Ashaninka Communal Reserve and begin initial support of its implementation.
- To conduct consultations with communities surrounding the El Sira and Machiguenga Communal Reserves, and with their management organisations, to develop better management plans.
- By developing and implementing an advocacy strategy to the National Protected Area Service (SERNANP) and the Ministry of Environment (MINAM).
- By strengthening indigenous peoples organizations to become an active actor on communal reserves management.
- By promoting research, analysis and discussion between indigenous organisations, NGOs and governmental authorities about the benefits for indigenous peoples from communal reserves and their role on making decisions about them.
- Approval of the Management Plan for the Ashaninka Communal Reserve.
- The project helped stop the illegal process of modification of the communal reserves regulation.
- A dialogue process to discuss a more participative and informed modification of the communal reserves regulation has been opened.