Tamaño del país
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) hosts Africa’s largest expanse of tropical forest, including roughly 60 per cent of the Congo Basin rainforest – home to flora and fauna found nowhere else on earth as well as tens of millions of forest-dependent people. The country's efforts to emerge from two decades of political instability and violent conflict have led to increasing pressures on its forests from agricultural development and the extractive industries while illegal logging is also rife.
Efforts to conserve the forest, such as through reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD+) and the strictly protected area network, have often wrongly targeted communities as the agents of forest destruction, further impinging on their land and resource rights.
However, since 2016 the DRC also has arguably the most progressive laws on community forestry in the region. This has allowed communities to secure their collective rights over their traditional lands for the first time, and now they have the opportunity to manage them in a way that preserves both their livelihoods and the forest. A new Indigenous Peoples law also promises new protections and rights for its indigenous population.